She continued to spend much of her free time playing cards and gambling, as she had no interest in politics or literature. [27], The image of Margaret in the paintings by Velázquez inspired not only painters. Unlike France, the kingdom of Spain had no Salic Law, so it was possible for a female to assume the throne. Olivan Santaliestra 2014, pp. They were married on October 7, 1649. Ferdinand Wenceslaus Joseph Michael Eleazar (28 September 1667 – 13 January 1668). Only four months later, the widower Emperor – despite his grief for the death of his "only Margareta" (as he remembered her)[23] – entered into a second marriage with Archduchess Claudia Felicitas of Austria, member of the Tyrol branch of the House of Habsburg. Maria Theresa of Spain (Spanish: María Teresa de Austria; French: Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche; 10 September 1638 – 30 July 1683), was by birth Infanta of Spain and Portugal (until 1640) and Archduchess of Austria as member of the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Queen of France. There have long been rumours that Maria Theresa had an illegitimate daughter, Louise Marie Thérèse (The Black Nun of Moret).[8][9][10][11][12]. As time passed, Maria Theresa also came to tolerate her husband's prolonged infidelity with Françoise-Athénaïs, Marquise de Montespan. To Martínez del Mazo also belongs the latter "Portrait of the Infanta Margarita in mourning dress" (1666), in which she is depicted shortly after her father's death and shortly before her wedding. Later, the governess of Montespan's illegitimate children by the king, Madame de Maintenon, came to supplant her mistress in the king's affections. Three of them – "Infanta Margarita in a pink dress" (1653), Infanta Margarita in a silver dress (1656) and Infanta Margarita in a blue dress (1659) were sent to the Imperial court in Vienna, and now are displayed in the Kunsthistorisches Museum. Due to the absence of Salic Law in Spain (unlike France), it was possible for women to ascend the throne. Eager to prevent a union of the two countries or crowns, especially one in which Spain would be subservient to France, the diplomats sought to include a renunciation clause that would deprive Maria Theresa and her children of any rights to the Spanish succession. Only one of her children lived to adulthood, and Margaret Theresa … [35] Numerous copies of her portraits are also preserved, and are now kept in the museum collections around the world. Magosci, Paul Robert, ´´Historical Atlas of Central Europe (History of East Central Europe, Vol. He officially retired when he had a nervous breakdown caused by the amount of pressure put on him to try to pull Spain out of the economic trouble it was going through. Maria Theresa of Spain, daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and Élisabeth of France, was the result of generations of intermarriage between royal cousins. The union was needed to strengthen the position of both countries, especially against the Kingdom of France. Maria Anna bore him five children, but only two survived to adulthood, a daughter Margarita Teresa, born in 1651, and the future Carlos II of Spain in 1661 – but the latter was sickly and considered in frequent danger of dying, making the line of inheritance potentially uncertain. [11], In October 1662, the new Imperial ambassador in the Spanish Kingdom, Count Francis Eusebius of Pötting, began one of his main diplomatic assignments, which was the celebration of the marriage between the Infanta and the Emperor. Upon her death, Louis XIV said: "This is the first chagrin she has ever given me."[13]. Maria Theresa’s (known later in France as Marie) childhood was marred by tragedy. Her maternal grandparents were Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Infanta Maria Anna of Spain, the daughter of her paternal grandparents. Maria Theresa died at the age of 45 on the 30 th of July 1683, after returning from a tour of Burgundy and Alsace. This was eventually done but, by the skill of Mazarin and his French diplomats, the renunciation and its validity were made conditional upon the payment of a large dowry. 2, VII, Memoirs of the Duc de Saint-Simon (1675-1755) Vol 2, Ch. Wheatcroft, Andrew, "The Habsburgs, Embodiyng Empire" [Paperback], 416 pages, Penguin Books, (Non-Classics) (May 1, 1997), in English, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 17:32. After several ill-fated attempts at childbirth, including two miscarriages, Margaret developed bronchitis while pregnant for the seventh time. When Maria Theresa's brother Balthasar Charles died in 1646, she became heir presumptive to the vast Spanish Empire and remained such until the birth of her brother Philip Prospero, in 1657. Philip IV, king of Spain (1621–65) and of Portugal (1621–40), during the decline of Spain as a great world power. Philip then sent a special envoy to the French court to open negotiations for peace and a royal marriage. One was Charles II. The official marriage ceremony was celebrated seven days later. At first the proposals were for Maria Theresa, the eldest daughter of Philip IV, to marry the heir of the Holy Roman Empire, Archduke Leopold Ignaz. Margaret Theresa in theater dress, 1667, by Jan Thomas van Ieperen, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. 43–226. [21], During her six years of marriage, Margaret gave birth to four children, of whom only one survived infancy:[1], The Empress reportedly inspired her husband to expel the Jews from Vienna, because she believed that they were to blame for her children's deaths. She was known in Spain as María Teresa de Austria and in France as Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche. From 1646 until 1657, Maria Theresa was heir presumptive to the Spanish throne. – Moscow Science, 1988, pp. From 1653 to 1659 a series of portraits of the Infanta were painted. He was buried on month day 1506, at burial place. Vyacheslav Ivanov: "Eternal Childhood" Pasternak, Literature and Art in the culture system. [5] After the wedding, Louis wanted to consummate the marriage as quickly as possible. [6] The new queen's mother-in-law (and aunt) arranged a private consummation instead of the public one that was the custom. After Joseph Ferdinand's early death in 1699, the rights of inheritance were disputed by both Emperor Leopold I and King Louis XIV of France, son-in-law of King Philip IV. Legacy.com is the leading provider of online obituaries for the newspaper industry. A. G. Kostenevich: Picasso – The Art of Leningrad 1982, pp. Maria Theresa of Spain died at Versailles in 1683, survived by her husband the king and only one of her six children, Louis, who was to become Le Grand Dauphin. At first she resisted the king's advances and encouraged him to bestow more attention on his long-neglected wife, a thoughtfulness which Maria Theresa repaid with warmth toward the new favourite. [20] The couple had many common interests, especially in art and music. [14] Mariana of Austria, now Dowager Queen and Regent of the Kingdom on behalf of her minor son Charles II, delayed the wedding of her daughter. Maria Theresa, Spanish Infanta, was born on the 10thSeptember 1638 in Spain, the daughter of the Spanish King Philip IV and his consort Elisabeth of France. Find Death information for people with the Date of Birth and/or Date of Death you specify. Gender: Male. [21], Even after her marriage, Margaret kept her Spanish customs and ways. Generations are numbered by male-line descent from, Mémoirs of the Duchess of Montpensier Vol. Before the official wedding ceremony (which, according to custom, had to take place in Vienna) another portrait of the Infanta was sent, in order for the Emperor to know his bride. [7][8], In the second half of the 1650s at the imperial court in Vienna the necessity developed for another dynastic marriage between the Spanish and Austrian branches of the House of Habsburg. [28] The first image in this poem who Pasternak contrasted with the portraits of the Infanta was mentioned by Vyacheslav Vsevolodovich Ivanov, in his work "Eternal Childhood". His health had been so poor throughout his life, though, that it was surprising he lasted as long as he did. [29][30], The Infanta Margarita Teresa in a Pink Dress (1660), formerly credited to Velázquez, is now considered one of the masterpieces of his son-in-law, Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo. The outcome of the War of the Spanish Succession was the creation of the Spanish branch of the House of Bourbon in the person of King Philip V, Margaret's great-nephew. On 8 October the Spanish retinue arrived at the city of Roveredo, where the head of Margaret's cortege, Francisco Fernández de la Cueva, 8th Duke of Alburquerque officially handed the Infanta to Ferdinand Joseph, Prince of Dietrichstein and Count Ernst Adalbert von Harrach, Prince-Bishop of Trento, representants of Leopold I. Famed for her virtue and piety, she saw five of her six children die in early childhood, and is frequently viewed as an object of pity in historical accounts of her husband's reign, since she was often neglected by the court. On 9 June the marriage took place in Saint-Jean-de-Luz at the recently rebuilt church of Saint Jean the Baptist. She grew up in the Queen's chambers in the Royal Alcazar of Madrid surrounded by many maids and servants. 166, 176–183. She died a painful death on 30 July 1683, at Versailles. Saint Teresa of Avila, Spanish nun, one of the great mystics, reformers, and religious women of the Roman Catholic Church. Race or Ethnicity: White. 471–480. But in 1660 and under the terms of the Treaty of the Pyrenees, the Infanta was married to the French King; as a part of her marriage contract, she was asked to renounce her claims to the Spanish throne in return for a monetary settlement as part of her dowry, which was never paid. Because of this avunculate marriage, Margaret's mother was nearly thirty years younger than her father. Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain. On 20 October the new Austrian cortege left Roveredo, crossing the Tyrol, through Carinthia and Styria, and arrived on 25 November at the district of Schottwien, twelve miles from Vienna where the Emperor came to receive his bride.[15]. Later generations are included although Austrian titles of nobility were abolished and outlawed in 1919. Charles II of Spain was just 38 years old when he died on November 1, 1700. Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Parma, the cousin of Spain’s King Felipe IV, has become the first royal to die of the novel coronavirus. Discover Full Names, Dates of Birth and Death, Last Known Residence information, and more. Margaret Theresa gave birth to a son, Ferdinand Wenzel, in September 1667, but he died a few months later. There, Margaret was received by Luis Guzman Ponce de Leon, Governor of Milan. This category includes civil, church, cemetery, obituary, and other death-related collections. How did Maria Theresa of Spain Die? Learn more about her life, mysticism, religious reforms, and legacy. Because of this avunculate marriage, Margaret's mother was nearly thirty years younger than her father. Maria Teresa of Modena. Margaret of France. Due to variances in the way the death index was created, some records may have incomplete (partial) Date of Death information . She married Wilhelm von Jülich-Kleve-Berg (1516-1592) 18 July 1546 JL . As it turned out, Spain, impoverished and bankrupt after decades of war, was unable to pay such a dowry, and France never received the agreed upon sum of 500,000 écus. Detail of sarcophagus of Leopold I, Kapuzinergruft , Vienna, Austria In 1666, he married Margaret Theresa of Spain (1651–1673), daughter of King Philip IV of Spain , … Cause of death: unspecified. [26] The canvas was the inspiration for Picasso, who in 1957 created more than forty variations of this pattern. Leopold insisted that Philip IV recognize Margaret Theresa's right to the Spanish succession over that of her older half-sister, Maria Teresa of Spain, the wife of Louis XIV of France. During the last week of July 1683, Maria Theresa fell ill and, as her illness worsened, her husband ordered for the sacraments to be kept nearby. But more importantly, she became pregnant in early 1661, and a long-awaited son was born on 1 November 1661. Composed by Antonio Cesti, the opera was called the "staging of the century" by contemporaries due to its magnificence and expense. (1924), Mémoires de la Société de l'histoire de Paris et de l'Île-de-France (in French), Société de l'histoire de Paris et de l'Ile-de-France (France), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Françoise-Athénaïs, Marquise de Montespan, Louise Marie Thérèse (The Black Nun of Moret), Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Marie-Thérèse d’Autriche in: www.chateauversailles.fr, Isabella Clara Eugenia, Co-sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands, Maria Christina, Princess of Transylvania, Maria Maddalena, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Eleanor, Queen of Poland, Duchess of Lorraine, Maria Anna Josepha, Electoral Princess of the Palatinate, Maria Clementina, Hereditary Princess of Naples, Margaretha Klementine, Princess of Thurn and Taxis, Princess Karoline Marie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Maria Henrietta, Princess of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Elisabeth Marie, Princess of Windisch-Graetz, Margarita, Marchioness Taliani di Marchio, María Antonia Fernanda, Queen of Sardinia, María Amalia, Infanta Antonio Pascual of Spain, María Luisa, Queen of Etruria and Duchess of Lucca, Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, María Cristina, Infanta Sebastian of Portugal and Spain, Amalia Filipina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria, María Luisa Carlota, Hereditary Princess of Saxony, Isabel, Princess of Asturias and Countess of Girgenti, María de la Paz, Princess Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria, Mercedes, Princess of Asturias and Princess Carlos of Bourbon-Two-Sicilies, María Teresa, Princess Ferdinand of Bavaria, Blanca, Archduchess Leopold Salvator of Austria-Tuscany, Maria de las Mercedes, Princess Irakli Bagration of Mukhrani, Infanta Pilar, Duchess of Badajoz and Viscountess of La Torre, Infanta Margarita, Duchess of Soria and Hernani, Infanta Isabel, Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Spain, Infanta Maria, Lady of Meneses and Orduña, Infanta Beatriz, Countess of Alburquerque, Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal and Asturias, Mariana Victoria, Infanta Gabriel of Spain, Maria Francisca, Infanta Carlos María Isidro of Spain, Infanta Maria das Neves, Duchess of San Jaime, Maria Teresa, Archduchess Karl Ludwig of Austria, Maria José, Duchess Karl-Theodor in Bavaria, Maria Teresa, Princess Karl Ludwig of Thurn und Taxis, Isabel Maria, Princess of Thurn und Taxis, Maria Ana, Princess Karl August of Thurn und Taxis, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maria_Theresa_of_Spain&oldid=986536135, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2011, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dauphin of France from 1661–1711. 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